Andy Warhol, 1928-1987, was an American artist, a leading figure in the visual art movement known as POP art. Andy Warhol paintings explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement. The Andy Warhol Museum in his native city, Pittsburgh, as the largest museum in USA dedicated to a single artist. Many films by avant-garde cineast Jonas Mekas have caught the moments of Warhol's life.
The diptych "Silver Car Crash" sold at Contemporary Art Auction in 2013 for $105.4 million.
After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became a renowned and sometimes controversial artist. His art used many types of media, including hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music. His studio, The Factory, was a well known gathering place that brought together distinguished intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, Bohemian street people, Hollywood celebrities, and wealthy patrons. That is very different with other painters such as salvador dali
, pablo picasso
, jack vettriano
, tamara de lempicka
, diego rivera and frida kahlo
, roy lichtenstein
, joan miro
. He managed and produced The Velvet Underground, a rock band which had a strong influence on the evolution of punk rock music. He founded Interview magazine and was the author of numerous books, including The Philosophy of Andy Warhol and Popism: The Warhol Sixties. He is also notable as a gay man who lived openly as such before the gay liberation movement, and he is credited with coining the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame".
In 2002, the U.S. Postal Service issued an 18-cent stamp commemorating Warhol. Designed by Richard Sheaff of Scottsdale, Arizona, the stamp was unveiled at a ceremony at The Andy Warhol Museum and features Warhol's painting "Self-Portrait, 1964". In March 2011, a chrome statue of Andy Warhol and his Polaroid camera was revealed at Union Square in New York City.